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A moment in Beausoleil First Nation history: Remembering June 1



Zaagidwin: Quashmigo Kwe miinawaa Ogemawahjiwon ultraviolet luminescent acrylic on canvas. – Artwork by Waab Shki Makoons (Clayton Samuel King)

By Waab Shki Makoons (Clayton Samuel King)

BEAUSOLEAIL — For many Indigenous people across the land of so-called Canada, June 1 marks the beginning of Indigenous History Month. During this time, the moon cycle in the month of June is known as Ode’min Giizis (Strawberry Moon).

June 1 is also election day for Beausoleil First Nation (also known as Chimnissing) — the first-time in history that Beausoleil First Nation will be taking part in the First Nations Election Act. June 1 also marks another significant event in the history of Beausoleil First Nation.

In 1916, the small Christian Island community had voted to admit 62 Non-Treaty Anishinabek into their Band. The brief history behind this important day is as follows:

While the Coldwater–Narrows British Government experiment was taking place during the 1830s with the Chippewas of Lakes Huron and Simcoe, President Andrew Jackson’s regime in the United States had carried on their own assimilation policies with their Indian Removal Act and the second Treaty of Chicago. This Act and Treaty saw the forceful displacement of many Anishinaabek and others to places like Oklahoma and Kansas. Also known as the Trail of Tears, many tribal nations experienced suffering, hardship, and death during the long march west over the Mississippi. Even though many were forcefully gathered up for this relocation, many other Anishinabek escaped capture and relied on the promises of their old British allies and sought places of refuge in Upper and Lower Canada.

In Wisconsin, Pottawatomi Chief Ogemahwahjwon escaped the American forces with many of his family and tribesman and crossed over the border at Sault Ste. Marie in the spring of 1835. When translated into English Ogemahwahjwon means Chief of the flowing waters. Ogemahwahjwon was a chief and warrior allied to the British during the War of 1812. Ogemahwahjwon knew the promises of protection that were made to him and his people by the British during the late war. At the Sault, Ogemahwahjwon met up with Indian Agent Thomas Gummersall Anderson. Anderson had directed the Chief to go to Penetanguishene. At Penetanguishene, he was then directed to go to Coldwater where Ojibway Chief John Assance and his people had lived. Chief John Assance invited Ogemahwahjwon into his Band through the adoption process. Two years later, more of Ogemahwahjwon’s people arrived at Coldwater from present-day Sheboygan, Wisconsin.

After the Coldwater Treaty of 1836, the dispersion of the Chippewas of Lakes Huron and Simcoe took place. The Methodist missionaries had failed to convert Ogemahwahjwon and the Pottawatomi into the Christian faith. Because of this non-conversion, members of the Assance Band raised a protest to the government to have Ogemahwahjwon and his people struck off the list of annuity payments from previous treaty agreements. Chief Assance wasn’t in favour of this whatsoever and had loaned Ogemahwahjwon and his band 100£ each year until his death in 1847. The Pottawatomi Chief was then directed by Chief John Assance Jr. to go and secure the Christian Islands. Ogemahwahjwon and his people were the first people to occupy Christian Island since the dispersal of the Wendat in the spring of 1650.

In 1854, a group of Odawa had come to live at Christian Island as well. This group had come from several places around Lake Michigan. There were 45 Odawa in total that Thomas G. Anderson had enumerated in 1856. Anderson stated on the census that this group of Odawa were welcomed by the Assance Band.

After the Assance Band relocated to Christian Island in the late 1850s,  generations of this group of Anishinabek had lived together. For those that married into the Assance Band from these two other Anishinabek Nations, their children were able to receive the benefit of the annual treaty annuities. All others still did not reap any benefit and had to rely on their traditional sustenance, trade, and sometimes, employment, to help make ends meet. Life was hard for these non-Treaty Anishinabek and because of this, many had moved away to Mitaabik, Wasauksing, and Neyaashiingimiing.

In 1911, Christian Island Band member Henry Jackson started to help his Pottawatomi kin begin the process of admittance into the Band. He was able to create an application process for them, where they had also written affidavits of who they were and where their family came from, and if they had ever received annuities or yearly presents from the government. Several other questions were answered in these applications as well. Jackson was also able to hire a lawyer named A.J. Chisholm from London, Ontario, to further the Pottawatomi’s inclusion into the Christian Island Band and to petition the Canadian Government for this inclusion.

On June 1, 1916, a vote took place and passed in favour to admit 62 non-Treaty Anishinabek into the Christian Island Band. The result of this vote was 54-10. Only the males of the Band over the age of 18 were able to vote in this process. The surnames the 62 Anishinabek admitted into membership were King, Sandy, Sunday, Isaac, Mixemong, Toby, Copegog, Monague, and Marks.

It is interesting to note that also on that day, the government tried to get the Christian Island Band to surrender Hope and Beckwith Island. The result of that separate vote was defeated as 48 were against and 36 were in favour for the surrender.

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Sam on Sports: Abby Roque




BRAMPTON, ONTARIO – APRIL 3: USA’s Abby Roque #11 – 2023 IIHF Ice Hockey Women’s World Championship at CAA Centre on April 3, 2023 in Brampton, Ontario. (Photo by Matt Zambonin/IIHF)

By Sam Laskaris

WAHNAPITAE FIRST NATION – She’s not a household name like Connor McDavid or Auston Matthews.

But like those two National Hockey League superstars, Abby Roque is also one of the world’s top hockey players.

And chances are with the recent formation of the Professional Women’s Hockey League (PWHL), a lot more people are going to find out about the talents of Roque, a member of Wahnapitae First Nation in northern Ontario.

Roque, who turns 26 on Sept. 25, is expected to be one of the stars of the newly created women’s pro league.

The PWHL will commence play in early January with six franchises.

While the cities that squads will play in during the league’s inaugural season have been announced, none of the clubs have yet to reveal their full names. Or which arenas they will be playing out of.

Whisperings are the Toronto franchise will call the Coca-Cola Coliseum home. The facility is also the home rink for the American Hockey League’s Toronto Marlies, the top affiliate for the NHL’s Toronto Maple Leafs.

The PWHL will also include two other Canadian franchises, one in Montreal and the other in the nation’s capital of Ottawa.

As for Roque, she’ll be suiting up for the yet-to-be named New York team. Boston and Minnesota clubs will also be participating in the circuit.

Pro women’s hockey in North America is nothing new. Other leagues have come and gone, including the recent Premier Hockey Federation, which ceased operations this past June.

Other pro leagues never had the opportunity to flourish, in part because they never really featured the majority of the top players in the world.

For example, Roque spent the 2020-21 and 2022-23 seasons touring with the Professional Women’s Hockey Players Association, featuring a group of elite players showcasing their skills in various cities across North America while advocating for a viable circuit.

Though her First Nation is in Ontario, Roque has achieved the majority of her hockey success in the United States. She’s a dual citizen and represents the U.S. in international competitions.

Roque’s highlights include helping the Americans win the gold medal at the world women’s hockey championships earlier this year in Brampton.

Roque also led the U.S. to silver medals at the 2021 and ’22 world tournaments. Plus, she was on the American squad that captured the silver medal at 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics.

Before suiting up for the U.S. senior women’s club, Roque was one of the top American collegiate players, toiling with the University of Wisconsin. Her accolades include helping her school win the NCAA championship in 2019.

Not surprisingly, Roque inked a contract with the PWHL’s New York squad earlier this month.
No doubt the high-scoring forward would be a valuable asset to any franchise in the new pro loop.

All six participating clubs were allowed to sign three players before the PWHL draft, held on Monday this week in Toronto.

Roque will in all likelihood be one of the go-to players for the New York squad. And if league organizers are correct with their thoughts that the PWHL is indeed the real deal for women’s hockey, expect many more people to know who Roque is in the coming months.

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Anishinaabemowin Coordinator





“To give a voice to the vision of the Anishinabek Nation and to preserve

 Anishinaabe Bimaadziwin while advancing our goal of Nationhood.”

Employment Opportunity

Anishinaabemowin Coordinator

LOCATION: Anishinabek Nation Head Office, Nipissing First Nation OR Munsee-Delaware Nation Satellite Office OR Curve Lake First Nation Satellite Office OR Fort William First Nation Satellite Office OR Thunder Bay Satellite Office OR Garden River First Nation Satellite Office OR Sudbury Satellite Office

Full Time Position with Benefits

 (after successfully completing 3 months of employment)

Salary Range: $60,032 to $68,036

In this rewarding position, the Anishinaabemowin Coordinator will work with the Anishinaabemowin Manager, Anishinaabemowin Commissioner, and Enkiitmajig Wii-aabiziitoong Anishinaabemowin Committee in the delivery of its work plan and strategic goals to support Anishinaabemowin for the Anishinabek Nation in accordance with its resolution mandate. The Anishinaabemowin Coordinator will report directly to the Anishinaabemowin Manager.


Minimum two (2) years of experience in an administrative role and/or business office setting;
Diploma or Degree in Anishinaabemowin, Administration, Business, Office Administration, Public Administration, or other applicable scope of study;
Working knowledge of Indigenous language stabilization and revitalization;
Ability to understand and speak Anishinaabemowin and/or a willingness to learn;
Exceptional computer skills and ability to work with different platforms (i.e. Microsoft Office, Zoom, Social Media); and
Valid Ontario driver’s license and be insurable.


Passion and keen interest in acquisition, retention, revitalization and stabilization of Anishinaabemowin;
Strong work ethic and commitment to preserving First Nation culture, language and heritage;
Comprehensive research skills;
Excellent coordination skills and experience in arranging travel, accommodations, booking of meeting spaces/board rooms and organizing online meetings with Zoom platform;
Familiarity with setting up files (hard copies and e-files) and storage of key program documents;
Excellent written and verbal communication skills;
Excellent networking skills;
Outstanding interpersonal and problem-solving skills;
Good understanding of the Anishinabek Nation, its goals and objectives; and
Exhibit professional attitudes and behavior.


Provide administrative support to the Anishinaabemowin Manager in the development of the Anishinaabemowin Department for the Anishinabek Nation;
Schedule and coordinate meetings as requested including identifying and confirming meeting spaces, coordinating travel plans for participants, processing purchase orders and cheque requisitions for payments, preparing meeting agenda, taking notes, drafting reports, etc.;
Assist with the implementation of the Committee’s strategic plan and record any adjustments as required as part of the yearly review;
Support Anishinaabemowin teacher in delivery of weekly Anishinaabemowin classes;
Create contact lists and compile directory of key contacts with government agencies and First Nations in response to the Indigenous Languages Act for project funding and program development;
Order/store and file Anishinaabemowin products, and help to develop a clearing house to share information with First Nations and staff;
Book translation services as required;
Support the collaboration efforts between the Anishinabek Nation, the Anishinabek Educational Institute, and the Education Secretariat for academic program development and accreditation;
Attend meetings with the Anishinaabemowin Manager as required;
Arrange for meetings with Nation Building Advisory Committee members, Getzidjig and other language keepers for language development as required; and
Adhere to all established Anishinabek Nation (Union of Ontario Indians) policies and procedures.


Cover Letter;
Three employment references;
Identify whether the applicant has been previously employed by the Anishinabek Nation (formerly Union of Ontario Indians). Note that the organization will conduct a reference check with the previous employee’s immediate supervisor;
Identify whether the applicant is a member of one of the 39 Anishinabek First Nations; and
The Anishinabek Nation welcomes and encourages applications from people with disabilities. Accommodations are available upon request for candidates taking part in all aspects of the hiring process.

Applications must be received no later than 4:30pm on Friday October 6, 2023.

Applications are to be submitted to:

Human Resources Department

Fax: (705) 497-9135 | Email:

For inquiries regarding this position, please contact:

Ali Darnay, Anishinaabemowin Manager


Miigwech to all applicants for their interest, however, only those who qualify for an interview will be contacted.

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